What is a Language Processing disorder?
Imagine traveling to a foreign country without ever having learned the language spoken there. This is the difficulty experienced by children when they cannot process language.
A language processing disorder (LPD) can be described as having extreme difficulty understanding what you hear and expressing what you want to say.
These disorders affect the area of the brain that controls language processing. Language processing disorders are sometimes called auditory processing disorders. They are characterized by difficulty understanding and processing what is being heard. This does not necessarily mean that the child has a hearing loss; rather their brain does not process or interpret auditory information properly.
The auditory nervous system is the pathway that carries sound from the inner ear to the brain for understanding. This system is continuously developing until approximately twelve years of age.
LPD is a neurological problem, but the exact cause is unknown. There are currently no conclusive studies that say why the auditory system of one child develops more quickly than it does for another.
How is it diagnosed?
LPD is usually diagnosed with a combination of professionals:
Language processing disorders can occur with speech and language difficulties, learning disabilities, attention deficits or developmental disabilities.
What does it look like?
Students with this disorder have difficulty reading, spelling, writing, or even speaking; basically anything having to do with language becomes very difficult for them. There are other skills that are needed to deal with auditory information, and are affected by LPD. These skills include: attention, memory, following directions, learning and hearing.
Children with a language processing disorder often have problems in the following areas:
How to help